HomeHealth5 Types of Allergies and Their Symptoms

5 Types of Allergies and Their Symptoms

5 Types of Allergies and Their Symptoms

Allergy is a common condition that results from the hypersensitiveness of your immune system. It attacks you when your body fails to produce a sufficient amount of antibody to defeat a certain type of toxic element with a particular attribute. This can be anything from food to dust, insects, and animals, and these are known as allergens.

Although there’s no cure to allergies, avoiding coming into contact with the allergen is a good way to prevent them. This article discusses some of the types of allergies and their main triggers that you must avoid.

The symptoms of insect allergy
Some insects carry toxic components in their body. So, when they bite or sting you, your body comes in contact with the venomous compound, leading to an allergic reaction that may range in severity. Seldom, the allergic reaction from these venoms becomes threatening. Considering the types of allergies and their main triggers is necessary to treat the symptoms effectively. Insect bites/sting leads to the following symptoms:

  • Itching and pain around the area
  • Hives
  • Swelling and redness
  • Flushing

Pollen allergy and its symptoms
One of the main types of allergies, pollen allergies are triggered by pollen and occur only in certain seasons. Birds and insects carry pollen from flowering trees and plants and scatter them around during these seasons. When you inhale these pollens and antibodies cannot fight them, it results in the development of allergic symptoms:

  • Red and watery eyes
  • Runny nose
  • Frequent sneezing
  • Redness around nose and face
  • Asthmatic reactions

Drug allergy and its signs
Drug allergies are uncommon, but they occur when the immune system fails to respond to the components of a medication as it is supposed to. This leads to the body developing toxic symptoms, some of which are:

  • Rashes all over the skin
  • Swelling in the eyes as well as on the lips and other body parts
  • Runny nose and watery eyes
  • Itching on skin, nose, and eyes
  • Mosquito-bite like lumps on the skin

Food allergy and its indication
Food is one of the main triggers of allergies, food allergies are a common type. The indication of food allergy occurs anywhere within a few minutes of consumption to after a few hours. Even the slightest part of an allergen can be dangerous, and in rare cases, the symptoms may become uncontrollable and lead to serious complications. Other signs include:

  • Swollen skin and lip, eyes, and throat
  • Itching in the tongue, lips, and mouth
  • Abdominal cramp, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea or constipation

Symptoms of dust allergy
Dust allergies have many similarities with pollen allergies and are a result of coming into contact with dust mites. Dust allergies are not curable, but medication helps alleviate the symptoms and gives temporary relief. The symptoms of dust allergies are as follows:

  • Symptoms similar to that of the common cold
  • Redness on the face and around the eyes
  • Watery eyes and nose
  • Breathing issues
  • Itching in the eyes and nose

If you develop any of these symptoms, ensure that you consult a doctor and undergo proper medications and treatment to manage the allergies effectively.

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